Forest garden seeds

This is the current list of seeds that I have. They are made available on a gift economy or dana economy basis: there are no prices but if you request some I ask you to either swap, donate or pay it forward. Please send requests to Please quote any code that goes with the name (e.g. 18m) as it makes it easier for me to find them!

Roots, bulbils, cuttings etc can only be sent within the UK. Seeds can be sent anywhere in the world where there are no local restrictions on import (please check first). I will only send seeds openly, with all species listed on the packet, so please do not ask me to smuggle seeds to you. I cannot provide a plant passport.

Seed list – Alan Carter 25/11/2022

The number (e.g. 19, 20) in the code refers to the year of harvest. I’ll send either the most recent seed or a mix of years (to increase diversity). If a month is mentioned in the listing, this is the month in which fresh seed is usually available.
‘AB’ refers to any line of deliberately varied origins which I have been saving for a number of years.
Most seeds are from my own garden. Where they are surplus from a supplier, the supplier’s name is given in brackets.

Allium altissimum ‘Goliath’ 22m, 21m – Persian garlic – Sep – details
Allium cepa ‘Zebrune’ – banana shallot (bulbs, Sep-May only)
NEW Allium cernuum ‘Hidcote’ 22m – nodding onion, larger variety
Allium fistulosum 21m – welsh onion – details – Jul
Allium porrum 22a – wild leek ‘Babington’ (bulbils)
Allium porrum 22a – wild leek ‘Chesil Beach’ (bulbils)
Allium schoenoprasum 21m – chives
Allium sensecens
20m, 19m, 18s – broadleaf chive
Allium tuberosum 19m – garlic chives
NEW Allium ursinum 21m – wild garlic – Jul
Allium ursinum 22a – wild garlic (bulbs, July-November only) – details
Allium victorialis 22m, 21m – victory onion – Jul
NEW Allium vineale 22m – crow garlic (bulbils) – Aug
Anethum graveolens 21m – dill – Sep
Angelica archangelica 21l, 20xl, 19xl – garden angelica, lots, Jul
Apium graveolens 21xl, 20l, 19l, 18l, 17m – celery AB, lots – details
Aralia cordata 22m, 21m – udo (+lots of chaff) – details
Aralia continentalis
19m – Manchurian spikenarddetails
Arctium lappa
and minus 22l – Japanese and native burdock mix – details
Arctium lappa
 19l, 17s – Japanese burdock / gobodetails
Arctium minus 19l, 17l – native burdockdetails
Aruncus dioicus 18l – bride’s feathers
Asphodeline lutea 22m – king’s speardetails
Aster scaber – see Doellingeria
Atriplex halimus 22a – saltbush (cutting – works best in spring/summer)

Barbarea verna 21m, 20m, 19m – land cress, American wintercress
Beta vulgaris 22xl, 20xl, 19xl, 18l, 17l – sea beet AB, lots – details
Blinum bonus-henricus 22l, 21l – good king henry – Jul
NEW Brassica carinata 21m – Texsel greens
Brassica juncaea
21m, 20m – mustard leaf
Brassica oleracea ‘Flowering Daubenton’s’ 22m, 21m, 20m – perennial kale, Sep – details
Brassica oleracea
Nero di Toscana x PKT 22m, 21m – perennial kale, Sep – details
Brassica oleracea
‘Pentland Brig’ 20m, 19m, 17i, 16t – kale, OP, some will have crossed with perennial kale, Sep – details
Brassica oleracea
‘Purple Kale Tree’ 22m (small amount) – perennial kale, details – Sep
Brassica oleracea ‘Purple Rib 22m, 21m – perennial kale, Sep – details
Brassica oleracea
‘Ragged Jack’ 17l – kale
Brassica oleracea ‘Silver Kale Tree’ 22m – perennial kaledetails
Brassica oleracea
‘Cabbagey’ 20m – perennial kaledetails – Sep
Brassica oleracea
‘Oak Leaf Bush’ 20m – perennial kaledetails
Brassica oleracea ‘Variegated Kalette’ 22m – perennial kaledetails
Bunias orientalis  22l – Turkish rocket, Sep – detail

Calendula officinalis 22m, 17l – pot marigold, Sep – details
Campanula latifolia 22m, 20m – giant bellflower, Sep
Campanula persicifolia
21m – peach-leaved bellflower, Sep – details
Capparis spinosa
20x – caper (from Seednative)
Carum carvi
20m – caraway
NEW Centranthus ruber 21m – red valerian
NEW Chaenomeles cathayensis 22f, 21m – Chinese quince
Chaerophyllum bulbosum 22m, 21l, 20m, 19m, 18l – turnip-rooted chervil, Sep – details
Chenopodium bonus-henricus – see Blinum
Chenopodium quinoa 18m – quinoa
Chicorium intybus
‘Radicchio’ 22m, 20m – chicory
Chrysanthemum coronarium 18m – chopsuey greens (small amount)
Claytonia perfoliata
22m, 21m, 19s – miners’ lettucedetails
Conopodium majus 22m, 21m – pignutdetails – Jul
NEW Coriandrum sativum 22m – coriander – Sep
NEW Crambe cordifolia 22m – colewort – Sep
Cryptotaenia canadensis
21m – honewort
Cryptotaenia japonica
‘ Atropurpurea’ 21m, 20m – purple mitsuba
NEW Cyclanthera pedata – achocha or slipper gourd, greenhouse plant, from swap

Decaisnea fargesii 21mblue sausage fruit
Dioscorea polystachya 22m – cinnamon vine / yam (indoor plant, tubercules)
NEW Diplotaxis tenuifolia 22m – perennial wall rocketdetails
Dipsacus fullonum 22m, 20m – teasel (wild flower, not edible)
Doellingeria scabra 20l – aster scaber, gomchwi

Erodium cicutarium 19m – common storksbill, Jul
Eruca vesicaria 20m, 19m, 18m – rocket
Erythronium dens-canisdog’s tooth violet (bulbs, July-November only) – details
Erythronium ‘Pagoda’
fawn lily (bulbs, July-November only) – details

Ferula communis 18m – Sep – fennel
Fragaria vesca 21m, 20m, 18m – alpine strawberrydetails
Fragaria vesca ‘Blanc Amelioré’ 20m, 16t – white, runnering alpine strawberrydetails
Fragaria vesca ‘Blanc Amelioré’ 22a – white, runnering alpine strawberry (bare root plant, Sep-Feb only)

Hablitzia tamnoides 22m, 21m – spinach vine – Aug – details
NEW Hemerocallis middendorffii var. esculenta 22m – zenteika daylily, Aug – details
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus 22m – yellow daylily, Sep – details
Heracleum sphondylium 21m – hogweeddetails

Lathyrus linifolius 19s, 18s – cairmeal, bitter vetch – details
Lathyrus tuberosus 20m – aardakerdetails
Lepidium latifolium 22a – dittander (roots) – details
Levisticum officinale 22l – lovage – details
Ligusticum scoticum 21m, 20l, 19l – Scots lovage, garden – details
Ligusticum scoticum 20m – Scots lovage, Findhorn Bay
Lilium lancifolium ‘Splendens’ 21m – tiger lily – bulbilsdetails
Lilium martagon 20m, 18s – Turk’s cap lily
NEW Lupinus sp 21m – lupins, wild collected on Speyside, N-fixers

Malva moschata 22l, 21l,18l – musk mallow – white flowered – details
Malva sylvestris 20m – common or wood mallowdetails
Malva verticillata 20m – Chinese mallowdetails
Meum athamanticum 22m, 19s – spignel
Myrica pensylvanica 20x – northern bayberry, from swap
Myrrhis odorata
  22m, 21xl – sweet cicely (hairless form) – details

NEW Ocimum basilicum 22m – basil (indoor herb)
Oenothera biennis
22l, 19m – evening primrose
Oxalis tuberosa 20l – oca, pink/orange variety, tubers
NEW Oxyria digyna 22m – mountain sorrel, collected Glen Feshie – details

Panax quinquefolius 20x – American ginseng, from swap
Papaver somniferum 22m, 20m – poppydetails
Pastinaca sativa 20ll, 19xl – parsnip AB, lots – details
NEW Persicaria odorata 22h – Vietnamese coriander (indoor herb, cutting)
Phaeseolus coccineus 18x – runner bean AB
NEW Pisum sativum 21m – sugar snap pea, yellow pods
Potentilla anserina 22a – silverweed (roots, Oct-Mar only) – details
NEW Potentilla anserina 21m – silverweed – details
Prunus avium
22x, 20x, 18l – cherry ‘Aviemore’ (from seed-grown street trees with early, heavy and delicious crops of fruit in the town of Aviemore in the Highlands)
Prunus avium 20x – ‘Streetwise Aberdeen’ – cherry from Aberdeen street trees with good fruit
Prunus salicina ‘Methley’ 21x, 20x – Japanese plum
NEW Prunus tomentosa 22m – Nanking cherry

NEW Raphanus raphanistrum landra 21l – sea radish pods
Raphanus raphanistrum sativus
‘Root’ 20m – radish, selected for root size
Raphanus raphanistrum sativus ‘Pod’ 20m, 19m – radish, selected for pod size
Rheum palmatum 20m – Turkish rhubarb
Rubus idaeus 19m – autumn raspberry mix – details
Rubus idaeus – long, thin fruits – raspberry 21m – Aug – details
Rubus idaeus ‘Sunset’ 22m, 21m, 20m – yellow raspberry – Aug – details
Rubus leucodermis 22m, 21m, 20m – blackcap / black raspberry – Aug
Rubus occidentalis 22m, 21m, 20m – western black raspberry – Aug
NEW Rubus parviflorus 21m – thimbleberry
NEW Rubus phoenicolasius 21m – Japanese wineberrydetails
Rumex patientia 22xl, 21xl, 20l – herb patience, lots
Rumex sanguineus 21m – bloody dockdetails
NEW Rumex scutatus 22m, 21m – buckler leaved sorreldetails

Salvia officinalis 21m – sage, Aug
Sanguisorba minor 22m, 21m – salad burnet, Aug
Scorzonera hispanica
21m, 20m, 18l – scorzonera
Sedum telephium 19m – orpine
Silybum marianum 20m – milk thistle
Sium sisarum 22m, 21m, 19m, 18m – skirret AB – details
Smyrnium olusatrum 22xl, 21xl, 20l, 18l, 17l – alexanders
Smyrnium olusatrum 20a – alexanders (root, Oct-Feb only)
Solanum tuberosum mixed sources 21m, 20m, 18m –  true potato seeds, mixed
Solanum tuberosum ‘Cara’ 21m – true potato seed
Solanum tuberosum ‘Chaposa’ 20m, 18m – true potato seed
Sonchus arvensis 18s – perennial sow thistle
Sonchus oleraceus 22m, 21m – sow thistle, Jul
Sonchus spp 18m – mix of smooth (oleraceus) and prickly (asper) sow thistles AB
Stachys affinis – 18s – Chinese artichoke, crosne
Stachys palustris
21m, 20m, 19mmarsh woundwort

Tragopogon porrifolius 21l, 19m, 17m – salsify AB, Jul – details
Triticum aestivum ‘EZer perennial wheat‘ 19m
Tropaeolum majus 22m – nasturtiumdetails

Urtica dioica subsp. galeopsifolia 22m – fen nettle, almost stingless!
NEW Urtica dioica subsp. galeopsifolia 22a – fen nettle, rhizome cutting (Oct-Apr only)

NEW Viola riviniana purple variety 22a – wood violet (cutting, Oct-Feb only)

NEW Zanthoxylum piperatum 21m – Sichuan pepper

I can guarantee that all seed is from my own garden (unless otherwise noted) and was picked in the year indicated. The rest is up to you. Many forest garden seeds need stratification or other special treatments. Sometimes this is noted in the appropriate article on this website. Alternatively the Plants for a Future database has propagation notes for almost everything on the list. Sometimes I have quite small amounts of a seed: the amount you receive will depend on how much there is to go round.

All seeds are offered on an Open Source Seed basis. You are free to grow and breed from the seeds and to market any new varieties that you produce, but you may not patent or otherwise restrict others from growing or breeding from any varieties that you produce. All seeds are open pollinated (OP) and are not stabilised varieties, so offspring may show considerable variation.

If you can’t find something here, here is a list of other seed and plant suppliers.